Huhn M, et al. – Many pharmacotherapies and psychotherapies are effective, but there is a lot of room for improvement. Because of the multiple differences in the methods used in pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy trials, indirect comparisons of their effect sizes compared with placebo or no treatment are problematic. Well-designed direct comparisons, which are scarce, need public funding. Because patients often benefit from both forms of therapy, research should also focus on how both modalities can be best combined to maximize synergy rather than debate the use of one treatment over the other. Methods
The authors searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library (April 2012, with no time or language limit) for systematic reviews on pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy vs placebo, pharmacotherapy vs psychotherapy, and their combination vs either modality alone.
Two reviewers independently selected the meta-analyses and extracted efficacy effect sizes.
They assessed the quality of the individual trials included in the pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy meta-analyses with the Cochrane risk of bias tool.
The search yielded 45233 results.
They included 61 meta-analyses on 21 psychiatric disorders, which contained 852 individual trials and 137126 participants.
The mean effect size of the meta-analyses was medium (mean, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.41-0.59).
Effect sizes of psychotherapies vs placebo tended to be higher than those of medication, but direct comparisons, albeit usually based on few trials, did not reveal consistent differences.
Individual pharmacotherapy trials were more likely to have large sample sizes, blinding, control groups, and intention-to-treat analyses.
In contrast, psychotherapy trials had lower dropout rates and provided follow-up data.
In psychotherapy studies, wait-list designs showed larger effects than did comparisons with placebo.
Istoric In Romania, in vremea comunismului, pshiatrii au fost incadrati in APR, ramura a celorlalte ramuri medicale.Dupa 1989 APR si-a coninuat prezenta, fiind in continuare condusa de urmasii lui Predescu, Gorgos, Angheluta & co. APR se face vinovat in fata istoriei printr-o selectie mafiotica care a coborit psihiatria romaneasca la un instrument de persecutie a regimului fata deorice aspiratie de innoire,de respingerea a numeroase valori care n-au incaput in breasla si au trebuit sa emigreze sau sa fie marginalizati, perspectiveneavind decit cei hiperadaptati la teroarea raului. Persecutiile fata de psihiatrii si chiar fata de unii bolnavi sunt cunoscute. Text integral